I just read an article called “Top Ten Myths About Autism From Moms Who Know.” When I saw that, I wondered: why from moms? Why not have an actual autistic person address myths? Someone commented that they’d like to see an autistic adult write a blog post about the myths, so here I am.
Myth #1: Moms of kids on the spectrum are “refrigerator moms.” Wow, are people still reading Bettleheim? There are all kinds of parents, just like there are all kinds of autistic people (kids and adults). Some mothers are affectionate. Some aren’t. This applies whether the children are autistic or not. A mother withholding affection from her child might cause the child to have emotional problems, but it doesn’t lead to neurological differences.
Myth #2 Autistic
children people have no empathy. This is a very dangerous myth that has led to mass murderers being labelled as autistic. The problem isn’t a lack of empathy. The problem is that we don’t express empathy the same way non-autistic people do. I personally refrain from saying, “I know how you feel,” because I don’t always know how another person feels unless they tell me. One day a friend called me to inform me that one of her family members had died. I said, “Oh, I’m sorry,” and my friend laughed and said, “I’m not sorry [that her family member was dead.]” This is why these days I wait to hear what the other person is saying about how they feel before I try to express sympathy or empathy.
Myth #3 Autistic
kids people need to be taught (or forced) to make eye contact. I literally cannot talk to someone and make eye contact with them at the same time. I have an automatic response of averting my gaze when I talk to someone. I don’t do it consciously. I have to consciously force myself to at least look in the person’s direction so that it appears I’m making eye contact.
When it comes to kids, I’d tell them why people expect them to make eye contact and explain that some people might think you’re dishonest if you don’t. Then I’d work with them to practise ways to at least appear that you’re making eye contact with other people.
I was once forced to participate in an eye-contact exercise. It was a “hot or cold” game in which an object was hidden in the room and I had to use eye contact to tell the person looking for it whether he was “hot” or “cold.” By the time I was done I was exhausted, shaking and sweating, my anxiety levels were through the roof, and I had a headache. Some people on the spectrum can make eye contact, but many of us can’t. Forcing us to do so doesn’t help.
Kids People on the autism spectrum are just like Rain Man.
Did you know that the person the movie Rainman was based on was not, in fact, autistic? His name was Kim Peek. Go look him up in Wikipedia if you’re so inclined.
The character of Raymond Babbitt had some autistic traits, such as being very attached to his routines and having meltdowns when those routines were disrupted. He insisted on watching the same TV show at the same time every day. When I was a kid, I “had” to watch the same shows every day, and I learned to tell time by learning where the hands were on the clock when my shows were one. If I didn’t get to watch my show, I’d have a meltdown.
However, not all autistics are savants, and not all savants are autistic. Most autistic people do not have savant abilities. Some do. Daniel Tammett, author of the book Born on a Blue Day, is one. But savants are not common. Rainman has made people think that we’re all savants, and I’ve had people ask me, “What’s your special ability?” when they find out I’m autistic.
Myth #5 Non-speaking autistics always have an intellectual disability. In other words, they’re retarded. There are many non-verbal autistics who can communicate through writing or typing. Some have written books. Many are considered to have intellectual disabilities when they are young, but once they learn to read and write, they are able to dispel this notion. I am acquainted with one non-verbal autistic who is a university student.
Myth #6 Autistic
children people can’t stand to be touched. Wow, tell that to my friends. Seriously, I’m a hugger. But you know what? I like warning. I like to be prepared for someone to touch me. If someone touches me without warning, even if it’s my boyfriend, I cringe. I once spent a day working with someone who touched me every time she spoke to me, just a casual hand on my arm or shoulder, and at the end of the day I felt like I had bruises up and down my arms.
Touch has a big sensory impact. For some people on the spectrum, it’s too overwhelming. Others, myself included, like a bit of warning before being touched or hugged. That’s probably where this myth comes from. But this isn’t the case for everyone, and there are many autistic people, kids and adults, who enjoy hugging and other forms of touch. But I’d suggest that if you meet an autistic person, you ask before touching or hugging them.
Myth #7 There is an autism epidemic. No, there isn’t. Autism is not a disease, and it’s not contagious. Therefore, there cannot be an epidemic. Yes, there are more kids (and even adults) being diagnosed than before. It’s not all due to the awareness of Asperger’s or awareness that autism is a spectrum. Many kids who are diagnosed autistic today would have been diagnosed with something else 20, 30 or 40 years ago — ADHD or “hyperactivity”; mental retardation; mental illness; or my favourite, “childhood psychopathy.” That is what autistic children used to be diagnosed with.
Myth #8 Autistic
kids people have no sense of humour. I like jokes, just maybe not as much as the next person. As I will often say, “I like jokes when they’re funny,” or “I have a sense of humour, but that is not funny.” This usually applies to a cruel “joke” that is aimed at a racial or sexual minority, or women, or disabled people.
My Aspie friends and I laugh a lot when we’re together. At a gathering we had a few nights ago, we were trading puns about cows. Other times we’ve laughed at the incongruity of a bunch of supposed anti-social people having a social gathering. There is a comedy troupe made up of people with Asperger’s, called Asperger’s Are Us.
I will admit that I dislike sitcoms. In my opinion, sitcoms are about stupid people who do stupid things. But I love Monty Python’s Flying Circus.
children people don’t feel love. If this were true, I wouldn’t love my boyfriend. I wouldn’t love my family. I wouldn’t love my cats. Autistic people would never get married, never have partners. Jerry and Mary Newport are two autistic people who fell in love and got married.
Temple Grandin says that she has no interest in or concept of romantic love, but she loves her family.
Myth #10 Autistic
children people are mentally retarded. See the myth above about non-verbal autistic people. Just as autism is a spectrum, intelligence is a spectrum. There are people on the autism spectrum who are geniuses. There are people on the autism spectrum who have intellectual disabilities. Everyone else, probably most people, falls somewhere in-between.
It may not be possible to judge the intelligence of everyone on the autism spectrum. We may not do well on conventional IQ tests. When I was tested, the psychologist informed me that he wasn’t going to tell me my IQ, because the number did not reflect my true intellectual abilities. (I suspect that meant I scored relatively low.) The reason for this is that my “verbal” intelligence far outstripped my “non-verbal” intelligence. My verbal intelligence score was in the top 2 percent of the population, while my non-verbal intelligence score was in the bottom 40 percent. This is why I call myself a word nerd.
Many autistic people, especially those with language difficulties, score low on intelligence tests that are highly verbal. Many intelligence tests have cultural biases. One teacher gave an autistic person a test that asked, “What would you ask a friend who says he’s getting married?” The autistic person said he would ask, “What kind of cake are you having?” The teacher said that was the wrong answer. How can there be a “right” answer to that question? There are tests for non-verbal intelligence that are seldom used.
There are many stereotypes when it comes to autism. When a newspaper reporter called me up to ask if he could do a story about the group that I run for autistic and Aspie people, he asked if he could meet our “caregivers.” He asked if we had “workers” that we saw every day. I told him that we were too busy going to work or school to have “workers” that we saw every day.
The best way to bust myths about autistic people is to talk to actual autistic people. If you don’t know any, then read things written by autistic people — not about us, but by us. There are many autism blogs out there, but make sure you read blogs that are by autistic people rather than by parents. (You can read blogs by parents, too, but they don’t give an autistic person’s point of view the way blogs written by autistic people do.)
You know what? I’d love it if the Mythbusters did a special on busting autism myths. Maybe we should write to Adam and Jamie and ask them.